Monday, 13 August 2012


Chapter II


History of Vietnamese Communist party wrote that on June 3rd, 1911, using the pseudonym Nguyen Văn Ba, Nguyễn Tất Thành found employment on a French passenger liner Amiral Latouche-Tréville as a kitchen help.He said he went abroad to find the way to save his country.(HCM, I)

  Under the mask of Trần Dân Tiên, Nguyễn Tất Thành wrote that I want to go abroad to examine how  France and other countries live, and I will come back to help my country. (HCM, X,7)

Trần Dân Tiên said that Tất Thành went directly to the director of the a French passenger liner Amiral Latouche-Tréville and asked for a job in this ship.


I thought he could not do that. In Vietnam, at that time, each citizen over 18 year must get an Identity Card issued by the French authorities. Văn Ba was the name of a false ID. This false ID perhaps was made in Phan Thiết by the help of Hồ Tá Bang, who had a close relationship with Denier .(Quế Hà- Hải Yến.HCM, IX).  It was impossible, Hồ Tá Bang was a famous person in Phan Thiết, he never did that foolish thing. Perhaps it was made in Saigon.
With this false ID, Nguyễn Tất Thành must enter  the ship secretly. Maybe the hypothesis of Nguyễn Xuân Tới was right when he said that Nguyễn Tất Thành  entered secretly the ship by a line dropping from the ship  to the small boat where Tất Thành sat in a basket, and men of the organization would  pull him up. ( Nguyễn Xuân Tới.HCM, XVIII)


In "The stories of the active life of President Ho "(1948), Trần Dân Tiên wrote about his days on the ocean:
One time, Văn Ba nearly died. The waves from ocean  rose so highly like a mountain then fell upon the ship. Everybody was seasick. As usual, Văn Ba went from the hold to the kitchen to bring the baskets of vegetables.But he could not do that because the ship moved quickly and strongly. he had to use an iron wire to pull the heavy baskets.
Unfortunatly, a high wave rose anf fell upon the ship and swept everything to the sea including  the basket  and Văn Ba. Thanks to the chain and the mast, Văn Ba survived. (HCM, X,)

-Only the small ship can be wrapped by the waves but the big ship can not. The French passenger liner Amiral Latouche-Tréville had a tonnage of 6.000 tons. It was a big ship.

-When the ship moved strongly, why Văn Ba could pull the baskets on the stair to stair from the hold to the kitchen?
-A help kitchen worked in the kitchen, why did he go to the deck? He could pull the baskets from the hold to the kitchen, but he did not need to pull the basket from the hold to the deck.

-Văn Ba did not know how to cut the asparagus, he also did not know everything. Why he could be a kitchen help?

This was an imaginative story made by an illegal immigrant, who lurked in the container in the hold, he was not a kitchen help.

Trần Dân Tiên also created another story. 
 Each day, a worker must cleaned the restaurant. After serving food to customers, the servants must put dishes, bowls and  food  waste into a lift that would run to the kitchen where the worker must classify them into two kinds: dishes and food.  Văn Ba worked carefully. Instead of putting food into a cask, he cleaned food and brought them back to the kitchen.(HCM X, 16 )

This story proved that Tất Thành did not work in a restaurant, because he did not know the rules in the restaurant and the custom of the Europeans.The waste must be put in the cask as garbage, and the Europeans never  sell and eat that food.
 By the help of the organization of illegal immigrants, he entered secretly into the ship. When the policemen left the ship, he became a servitor of  the workers on the ship, he had to do odd job for his living. He received only 10 francs when the others $100 or 200 francs.


Tất Thành was an illegal immigrant, lived outlaw.
Tất Thành always took the train without tickets and permission. Tất Thành confessed his usual trick when he went to Russia:
-According to the captain, do you take the train without permission?
-Yes. I go secretly.
-And you have no permission?
-Yes, I have no permission. (HCM X,37)

Trần Dân Tiên did not tell the truth. After a long time living outlaw, by the help of Communist party, he also had the legal papers. Lawyer Nguyễn Văn Chức  stated that Tất Thành worked for the French Communist Party, they hired him to spread the pamphlets, but the French policemen hunted him. The French Communist Party hold him to escape France to Germany then to Russia  with a passport number 1829, signed  by the Russian Ambassador in Germany  on June16,1925 for Chen Wang, a photographer, born on January15,1895 in Indochina. (HCM, CXXXII)

In London, Tất Thành lived in a small hotel. It was very cold in winter in London.
"In cold winter , each day before going to work, he  laid a brick into the oven of the hotel. In the evening, he picked the brick up, and covered it with a journal then put it under the mattress."(HCM. X,21)

It was also an imaginary story. How could he bring a 1000 degree hot brick with a newspaper?
What happened if  the mattress was burnt? If the brick was not hot enough, he was still cold.


Trường Chinh, the first General Secretary of the Vietnamese Communist Party praised Ho Chí Minh that "Ho reconized that the French Schools always produced the lackeys for the French colonialists, as a result, he went abroad to find the way to save his country".
If the French schools in Vietnam produced the lackeys, how about the schools in France?
Vietnamese Communists tried to create a myth of a patriot, but Nguyễn Thế Anh and Vũ Ngự Chiêu unmasked Ho Chi Minh.
 About 1983, Nguyễn Thế Anh and Vũ Ngự Chiêu
found  Nguyễn Tất Thành's two letters  dated on September 15, 1911, sending to the President of France and Minister of Colony begging the permission of entrance the School of Colony as intern student.

Marseille le 15 Septembre 1911
Monsieur le Président de la République
J’ai l’honneur de solliciter de votre haute bienveillance la faveur d’être admis à suivre les cours de l’Ecole Coloniale comme interne.
Je suis actuellement employé à la Compagnie des Chargeurs Réunis “Amiral Latouche Trévile” pour ma substance.Je suis entièrement dénué de ressources et avide de m’instruire. Je désirerais devenir utile à la France vis à vis de mes compatriotes et pouvoir en même temps les faire profiter des bienfaits de l’Instruction.
Je suis originaire de la province de Nghê An, en Annam.
En attendant une réponse que j’espère favorable, agréez, Monsieur Le Président, l’assurance de ma reconnaissance anticipée.
Nguyễn Tất Thành, né à Vinh en 1892, fils de Mr. Nguyễn Sinh Huy (sous docteur ès- lettres). Etudiant Francais, quốc ngữ, caractère chinois.

Marseille le15 Septembre 1911
À Monsieur le Ministre des Colonies
Monsieur le Ministre

J'ai l'honneur de solliciter de votre bienveillance la faveur d'être admis à suivre les cours de l ' École Coloniale comme interne .
Je suis actuellement employé à la Compagnie des Chargeurs Réunis pour ma substance à soi de l'Amiral Latouche Tréville.

Je suis entièrement dénué de ressources et avide de m' instruire . Je désirerais devenir utile à la France vis à vis de mes compatriotes et pouvoir en même temps les faire profiter des bienfaits de l' instruction .
Je suis originaire de la province de Nghê-an, en Annam.
En attendant votre réponse que j ' espère favorable, agréez, Monsieur le Ministre , mes plus respectueuses hommages et l ' assurance de ma reconnaissance anticipée .
Nguyễn-tất Thành,
né à Vinh, en 1892 ,fils de Mr Nguyễn sinh Huy, sous docteur es-lettre
Étudiant Francais , quốc ngữ, caractère chinois

Those letters proved that the first time in France,  Nguyễn Tất Thành had dreams of being a mandarin, a civil servant under the French colonialist regime, he did not struggle against French colonilalist as Phan Bội Châu, Nguyễn Thượng HIền, Tạ Thu Thâu, Nguyễn An NInh.

We also have Nguyễn Tất Thành's letters  founded by Sophie Quinn Judge. On November 1911, in Clayton, Tất Thành sent money to his father with a letter. On December 1912 in New York, Tất Thành sent a letter to the  French Resident Superior  in Central Vietnam asking for the information of his father.( Sophie Quinn Judge,Ho Chi MInh, The MIssing Years).
D. Hémery (1), Thu Trang (2), Document of Vietnamese Communist party (3), Trần Gia Phụng (4) ,Lữ Phương (HCM, XLII), Khuất Văn Nga (HCM CXXXV) also depicted the letters sent to French Resident Superior  in Central Vietnam, and his brother Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm working at the French Resident Palace in Huế dated on 31 October, 1911 when Tất Thành came back to Saigon. In this letter, he insisted his brother asked for the French authorities accepting his demand.Duiker and Thu Trang also recited his letter to his sister (CXXXV).

By the letter dated on December 1911, Nguyễn Tất Thành sent to the Governor General Albert Sarraut , then  the  Governor General Albert Sarraut forward this letter to French Resident Superior  in Central Vietnam by the official correspondence N0 236; and on May 25, 1912, the French Resident Superior  in Central Vietnam sent an official correspondence N0 R28 to the Governor General Albert Sarraut, answering Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm's letter demanding the entrance of the Colonial School for Nguyễn Tất Thành,  (CXXXV) we can see that the French regime is very good because they truly served people, although  we are the natives. Communists are bureaucratic, they never glance to the letter of  people.
We also noticed the French Resident Superior  in Central Vietnam 's official correspondence N0 R28 to the Governor General Albert Sarraut. Why in Lữ Phương's essay , the answer was no (HCM,C) but Thu Trung Trang yes? (CXXXV)

Those letters affirmed Nguyễn Tất Thành's longing of becoming a mandarin, a civil servant in the French colony.
It was Tất Thành 's ruse when he wrote the second letter to the French authorities asking about his father and sending money to his father.

He knew that his brother working in Huế, why did he ask the French resident  but not his brother? It was a way he reminded the French authorities about his demand for the School of Colony. It was also his trick to show off his filial piety. But it was a stupid trick that could not touch  the heart of the French authorities. Nguyễn Tất Thành  had a strong ambition but he did not know his situation. How he could enter the Colonial School with an unfinished elementary education? How he could enter the Colonial School when his father was not a good mandarin?

Anyway, his letters denounced his ambition to become a lackey to French colonialist. He was not a patriot as he and his men said.

Those letters also let us see clearly the real faces of the Vietnamese communists. Vietnamese always covered the truth, so did the French and American Communists and pro-communists.Vũ Ngự Chiêu said that Hémery, Brocheux had founded these letters before Nguyễn Thế Anh and Vũ Ngư Chiêu but they did not tell the truth. So did William A. Williams and anothers scholars because of their sympathy for the communism. (HCM CXXXIV).
Trần Thị Hồng Sương expressed sincerely her ideas about the French Intellectuals and philosophers when she wrote:

At the 20th Soviet Communist Party Congress, Khrushchev  delivered the "Secret Speech" ,  condemned the cult of individualism" with the serious mistakes of Stalin . This event shocked Sartre and the pro communists who diđ not know the reality on the other side of the "Iron Curtain". Like the Vietnamese communist, J.P. Satre still covered the truth. He criticized Khrushchev of condemning Stalin so early when Soviet crowd was not ready to receive (Trần Thị Hồng Sương. HCM, LXXXIV).

In a word, we can conclude that around 1911-1916, Nguyễn Tất Thành always had the dreams of becoming a servitor of the French colonialists. About 1922, due to the communication with the French Communists, he  became a member of Comintern. From then on, he had another dreams, the dream of becoming a Vietnamese communist party leader  although he had to burn all the mountains and forests in Vietnam.

Friday, 10 August 2012





Ho Chi Minh' s real name was Nguyen Tat Thanh (1890-1969), born on May 19, 1890, in the village of Kim Lien, Central Vietnam. His father was Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (1862–1929), in 1901, he was successful in passing the official government examination and received title "Phó bảng" (Doctorate of the additional list, or sous docteur) .

Vietnamese communist said that Nguyễn Sinh Sắc "had resigned in protest against French domination of his country". ( Ho Chi Minh, Selected Works (Hanoi, 1960-1962), Vol. 2 - HCM, VII ). It is not true. While the true patriots such as Phan Bội Châu, Phan Chu Trịnh, Ngô Đức Kế, Nguyễn Thượng Hiền... resigned in protest against French, but Nguyễn Sinh Sắc did not. After his graduation, in May 1906, he went to Hue and worked for the Ministry of Rites (Thừa biện bộ Lễ). Vietnamese communist also said that Nguyễn Sinh Sắc slighted the way of the mandarin. For him, it is  the way of slave. After graduation, he became a mandarin of low rank, and always expressed his revolt against the colonialists, therefore he was dismissed"(HCM, I). 

If Nguyễn Sinh Sắc disdained mandarin, why did he work for the Ministry of Rites in Hue?
Some communists said that Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was warned because of his sons' attending the revolt against Taxes of  the peasants in the Central Vietnam in 1908. It is not true because in 1909, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was promoted the head of district of Binh Khê ( tri huyện Bình Khê) in Quy Nhơn. In Bình Khê district, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc  put the end to his career of mandarin when he was drunk, he ordered the solders beating a man until death. He was fired because of his guilty of manslaughter, not by his patriotism.

According to Vũ Ngự Chiêu, the French document on January 1910 noted that Nguyễn Sinh Huy was suspended his position because of his "alcoholism and cruelty towards people". In  May 19th, he was imprisoned, and in August, 1910, he was absolved, but fired. (HCM, LXXXIV).
Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was addicted to drink. When he was drunk, he always beat his daughter, Nguyễn Thị Thanh, therefore she left Hue and her father to come back to Nghệ An.(Daniel Hémery.HCM,  LXXII).
According to Wikipedia and Duiker, Nguyễn’s father, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc, was a Confucian scholar and teacher, and later an imperial magistrate in the small remote district of Binh Khe (Qui Nhơn). He was demoted for abuse of power after an influential local figure died several days after receiving 100 strokes of the cane as punishment for an infraction  (HCM. I).

Although Hoàng Tùng, a Communist of high ranking cadre, defended Nguyễn Sinh Sắc, but he recognized Nguyễn Sinh Sắc 's guilty of manslaughter.( HOÀNG TÙNG * HỒI KÝ   )

A communist cadre, Trần Minh Siêu in his work entitled " The Members in the Ho's Family" confessed that by Võ Văn Kiệt 's help, he had  the document of Nguyễn Sinh Sắc so he could publish his book, and speak the truth.(HCM, CXXXII)

Acording to Trần Quốc Vượng, in his work entitled "TRONG CÕI, ch.XV. (In the World), it was rumored in Nghệ An that Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was not the son of Nguyễn Sinh Nhậm. He was the son out of wedlock of Hồ Sĩ Tạo, a native of  Quỳnh Đôi village, Quỳnh Lưu district ,  Nghệ An province. Hồ Sĩ Tạo (1841- ? was a Confucian, had passed the local examination, and received the title " cử nhân" (B.A). He was a private teacher working at the family of Hà Văn Cẩn, a rich peasant in Nam Đàn district. Hồ Sĩ Tạo loved Hà Thị Hy, the daughter of the this rich peasant, but when she was  pregnant, Hồ Sĩ Tạo quit. It was the shame for family Hà, therefore his father married her to Nguyễn Sinh Nhậm, an old and poor man.

In this work,Trần Quốc Vượng stated that before Nguyễn Sinh Sắc passing the Royal Palace examination, Hồ Sĩ Tạo supported him to enter Quốc Tử Giám (Royal  University of Capital Huế). It is not impossible. Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was not ineligible for Royal University, or College of Administration (trường Hậu Bổ)  because Nguyễn Sinh Nhậm was not a high ranking mandarin and Hồ Sĩ Tạo was not his formal father. Moreover, Hồ Sĩ Tạo was not a senior mandarin, and he retired so early. According to Vũ Ngự Chiêu, during that time, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc worked for Bùi Quang Chiêu before he worked for the Ministry of Rites (HCM, LXXXIV). 
According to History of Vietnamese Communist Party, his older sister Nguyễn Thị Thanh and his older brother Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm were the compatriots, they  joined the revolutionary movement therefore they were arrested by the French colonialists.(HCM, I)
The Vietnamese Police Document stated that Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm was born in 1888, and was imprisoned many times by French colonialists. On August 16, 1941, he was released from the prison in Vinh  (HCM, CXXXVI)

According to Sơn Tùng, a passionate communist in Việt Nam, wrote that after the departure of Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyễn Thị Thanh (1884 - 1954), and Nguyễn Tất Khiêm (1888–1950) were  imprisoned and tortured. The French policemen poisoned  Nguyễn Tất Khiêm, as a result, he became issueless, and  they burn  Nguyễn Thị Thanh's genitals, consequently, she could not get married. (HCM, CLIII)

But in fact, Nguyễn Thị Thanh and Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm cooporated with French. Nguyễn Thị Thanh was a clerk in the French Army (HCM, III), and Nguyễn Tất Khiêm worked at the French Resident Superior in Huế (HCM CXXXV;  (HCM, XLII). He was not an isueless and poor person. He had his houses in Nghệ An, and  in Huế (HCM, XV). Some one sai that he had a house in Hanoi but in 1945-1946, Ho Chí Minh did not visit him. He had many wives and many children, but they died in their infancy (HCM, CLII) . He had at least one daughter, whose name was  Marilyn Mai Nguyễn  (HCM, XV).
Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm died in 1950 but nobody knew the raison of his death. Nguyễn Thị Thanh was killed in 1954 by being acused "landlord" in "Land Reform" in Nghệ An.

Ho Chi Minh and his men tried to build a revolutionary family, but in vain. Every member in Ho Chi Minh 's family corporated with French. So did Nguyễn Tất Thành when he sent his letters to French authorities.


About 1900,  Vietnam had two systems of education: the old system and the new system. The old system was the system of Chinese characters, and the new system was the system which was influenced by French education. In the new system, students had to study French, and Quốc Ngữ (The modern Vietnamese writing system based on the Roman alphabet). Nguyễn Tất Thành anh his brother studied Chinese with his father. Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was a private teacher at the rich family, and he had to travel from district to district, and from province to province. Hence, his sons followed him everywhere.
In most public and private schools, education is divided into three levels: 
-elementary school, (tiểu học)
-middle school (Cao đẳng tiểu học or Trung học đệ nhất cấp, or cấp hai (communist education) sometimes called junior high school),
-high school (sometimes referred to as secondary education-Trung học đệ nhị cấp, or cấp ba (Communist system).
After pre-kindergarten and kindergarten, there are six years in primary school (normally known as elementary school). After completing five grades, the student will enter junior high or middle school and then high school to get the high school diploma.
Vietnamese elementary education consisted of six years as French and USA's system, and could devide into two stages:
1. Elementary

(1)-Cours Enfantin ( Lớp Đồng Ấu, or lớp Năm)
(2)- Cours Preparatoire (Lớp Dự Bị or lớp Tư)
(3)-Cours Elementaire (Lớp Sơ Đẳng or lớp Ba)
2. Primary

4-Cours Moyen Première Année (Lớp Nhì Năm thứ nhất )
5-Cours Moyen Deuxième Année (Lớp Nhì Năm thứ hai )
6-Cours Supérieur (Lớp Nhất ).

According to History of Vietnamese Communist Party, in September 1905, Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyễn Tất Đạt entered the first class (cours préparatoire ) of elementary school in Vinh.
-In 1906, Nguyễn Sinh Huy went to Huế to work for the Ministry of Rites, Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Tất Đạt followed his father, and continued his education  at the first class of the elementary school in Huế in September, 1906. Hence, it seemed that Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm began their elementary education in  September 1906. September 1907, they attended the second class (cours élémentaire).(HCM, I)

The communist document stated that in April,1908, Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Tất Đạt attended the meeting of the peasants in Center Vietnam revolting against taxes. And August, 1908, he entered Quốc Học School. (HCM, I)

According to Wikipedia, Quốc Học is a senior high school in Huế, Thua Thien - Hue, Vietnam, founded on October 23, 1896.(1)
Nguyễn Tất Thành began his education in 1906, hence in1912 he would finish his elementary education. After finishing his elementary education, he had to pass an examination to receive his Certificat d'Études Primaire Complémentaire Indochinoise (Certificate of Primary Education). Quốc Học was a High School In 1908, Nguyễn Tất Thành could not enter Quốc Học High School because he did not finish his elementary education. Moreover, if he was punished by meeting the peasants revolt, he could not enter Quốc Học School.
According to Vietnamese  Communist history, in 1909, he  followed his father to Bình Định, and continued his education at the cours supérieur of the Elementary School, in Quy Nhơn. In June 1910, he finished his elementary education.(HCM, I).
While Wikipedia told that Nguyễn Tất Thành finished his elementery in 1907, but Vietnamese Communist Party History said in 1910.
If he finished his elementary education in 1010, he  could not register in Quốc Học high school in 1908. If he finished his primary education in 1907, he did not need to go to the elementary school in Quy Nhơn.
In Phan Thiết, Nguyễn Tất Thành was a "moniteur" at Dục Thanh School. In French, "moniteur" is a teacher of sports".
 Although Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was a Confucian, he did not have the revolutionary spirit like Phan Bội Châu, Phan Chu Trinh, Huỳnh Thúc Kháng, Ngô Đức Kế, Nguyễn Thượng Hiền. He followed the career of mandarin until he was fired because of his "alcoholism and cruelty towards people". He liked to work for French, and he wanted his sons following his way. Unlike his contemporary Confucians, he pushed his sons pursue the new education like Phạm Quỳnh, Nguyễn Văn Vĩnh, Phạm Duy Tốn, Phạm Duy Khiêm when many students who had the same age of Nguyễn Tất Thành such as Tản Đà (1889-1939), Phan Khôi ( 1887-1959), Nguyễn Sĩ Giác ( 1888-197?), Bùi Kỷ (1888-1960) continued the old education. 

In a word, before 1911, Nguyễn Tất Thành did not finish his elementary education, and when he went to Phan Thiết, he worked for the Dục Thanh school, as a  "moniteur", a teacher of sports.

The monarchy and the capitalism focused on the education when the communism highlighted the workers and disdained the intellectuals.  In USSR, Lenin and Stalin killed and expelled them. So did Vietnam and China. They neglected education, and they looked upon the intellectuals, why did they try to embellish Nguyễn Tất Thành, in changing him from a primary school boy into an intellectual ?
Nguyễn Sinh Sắc was an alcoholic and a bad mandarin, he was not a compatriot. Following the
communist social classification, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc belonged to the feudal class, the enemy of the People, why did they say that he was a compatriot when he kill and imprison a lot of  the mandarins of the Nguyen Dynasty? 
Although we did know much about Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm and Nguyễn Thị Thanh, but around 1915, both of them worked for French , and at that time, Nguyễn Tất Thành also looked for a position in French government. They never revolted against French colonialism.

When he left Vietnam, Nguyễn Tất Thành became another man, a man of hundred faces. 
He had many birthdays.According to Nguyễn Thế Anh, the birthdays of Nguyễn Tất Thành were: 1892; 15-1- 1895;  19-5-1890 (HCM, XX)
Wikipedia stated that he had 5 birthdays:
-In his resumé, his birthday was 19-5-1890.
-In 1911, in a letter asking for the Colonial School, he said he was born in 1892.
-In 1920, at a French Police Office in Paris, he confessed that his birthday was 15-1-1894.-Document of French "Deuxième Bureau" in 1931, stated that he was born in April 1894. -In 1923 in the USSR Consulat in Germany, he confessed that he was born in 15 February 1895.
History of Vietnamese Communist Party wrote that in 1905, he began his study at the Elementary School in Vinh, and he said that when I was thirteen year old, it was the first time I heard the words Freedom, Equality and Fraternity.(HCM, I)
Hence, we can say that he was born around 1892.

According to Wikipedia, Nguyễn Tất Thành had about 60 names and alias.
Hồ Chí Minh; C.M.Hồ; Nguyễn Ái Quốc; Bác Hồ; Chú Nguyễn; Culixe; Lê Thanh Long;Loo Shing Yan:Trầm Lam;Tuyết Lan;Việt Hồng...
Hoàng Anh Tuấn, stated that Ho Chi Minh had 174 names and alias. (HCM, IV)

Generally, the writers have some pen names, but Ho Chi Minh had so much alias. He had so many faces consequently he needed a lot of masks in according with his faces and his roles. He was a man of darkness.


(1). Trần Bích San. Thi Cử và Giáo Dục.http://cothommagazine.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=278&Itemid=49

Wednesday, 1 August 2012





Ho Chi Minh was an important person in Vietnamese history. Many scholars have studied his life and works, and expressed their different ideas about him. Some scholars praised while others criticized. I also have my opinion.
After finished my "Documents of HochiMinh" consisted of 154 articles, I begin to write a book entitled "HO CHI MINH MYTHS AND MASKS" to present my ideas to the readers.

It is very difficult to study Vietnamese contemporain history. Communists never tell the truth, they always enlarge the picture of their party and their leader. The communist strategy  is to tell lie because Lenin taught his followers: " A lie told often enough becomes the truth". Many years have passed, many communist works have published, and a number of people became blind.  
Communists made the myths and brought the masks on the stage of history.  If a scholar believes in the communist cadres, his work would become the garbage.

 This book is a synthesis of  the  scholars ' research and my political experiences in Vietnam. It is story of  truth because I love Keats's poetry, I love truth  - "Beauty is truth, truth beauty".
I hope this book can lead you to a new horizon.

Ottawa, July 26th, 2012
Nguyễn Thiên Thụ

 Chapter I. Ho Chi Minh's childhood
Chapter II.Myth of a patriot
Chapter III.Who was Nguyễn Ái Quốc?
Chapter IV. Who was Ho Chi Minh?
Chapter V.Who betrayed Phan Bội Châu?
Chapter VI.Hồ Chí Minh 's Thought & Talent 
Chapter VII. Ho Chi Minh's morality& Tricks